The Forks is located on 46 acres Midtown at 17th and Independence and just steps from the Cameron Art Museum, Halyburton Park, Cross City Trail and the Pointe at Barclay. Written by North Carolina History Project. The Battle of Fork Road was a three-day battle in which the Union forces were victorious, paving the way for the taking of Wilmington in 1865, which precipitated the end of the long and arduous Civil War just three months later. Among Hoke’s Cape Fear defenders were Wilmington natives, Capt. On February 21, Hoke’s firmly entrenched lines at Forks Road stoutly resisted a series of additional assaults that sent the USCT fleeing back to safety of their trenches, and the shore batteries below Wilmington were still harassing any movements of enemy gunboats. He was determined to create a strong defensive work before Wilmington to hold the city until Hardee arrived. from their hands.” A 12-pounder howitzer of that Battery, the “Saint Paul,” (so named as it was cast from the melted. The outbreak of war in 1861 found him managing his families, various manufacturing enterprises, which included a cotton mill, and iron-works. General Hoke’s division consisted of four brigades commanded by Brigadier General Alfred Colquitt (a future governor of Georgia), Brigadier General Thomas L. Clingman (who was convalescing, Col. William Devane in his place), Brigadier General W. W. Kirkland, and the aforementioned Hagood (future governor of South Carolina). WILMINGTON, N.C. (WECT) - It is one of the most significant parts of Wilmington’s history, yet the Battle of Forks Road remains, surprisingly, an unknown story. Following the Battle of Dinwiddie Court House on March 31, Pickett learned of reinforcements arriving from the Federal V Corpsand wanted to pull back to a position behind Hatcher's Run. “You are paroled prisoners---not slaves; the love of liberty, which led you in the contest burns now as brightly in your, hearts as ever; cherish it, nourish it and associate it with. General W. W. Kirkland, and the aforementioned Hagood. would establish his next strong defensive line. Smith would become, Secretary of the Interior in Grover Cleveland's, On January 7, 1869 he married Lydia VanWyck and they, had six children, one of whom, Dr. Michael Hoke, became, a distinguished orthopedic surgeon in Atlanta. The Union victory along the White Oak Road on March 31st threatened to destabilize the entire Confederate line west of Petersburg. Without any strong fortifications to, fall back on, Hoke knew that making a stand. American Battlefield Trust's map of the Battle of Five Forks on April 1, 1865 In the spring of 1865, Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant had an opportunity to force Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia out of its entrenchments at Petersburg, Virginia, by threatening its last supply line, the South Side Railroad. . defensive position across the river from that fort, at Sugar Loaf. Hoke hoped to thwart the enemy rendezvous, and was also aware that a Confederate force of 6,000 troops under Lt. General William J. Hardee were fast approaching Wilmington from South Carolina. Plan of the battle of Five Forks, Va., April 1st 1865 : fought by 5th Army corps Genl Warren. For his brilliant. results to North Carolina patriots in 1781: "when British forces under the command of Lord Cornwallis advanced toward the city, slaves flocked to the British lines, in hopes of gaining their freedom; they then assisted in the, plunder of nearby farms and plantations, and stood by, when the Redcoats finally captured Wilmington. Hedrick with the 40th North Carolina Regiment; on his right was [Captain Abner] Mosely's [Sampson, Artillery] Battery of Whitworth guns, then came the light, artillery around this [St. Philips] Church, then Major, MacRae's Command, and on our extreme right, Colonel Simonton's Regiment and other South Carolina, troops, the whole command under General Johnson, Hagood...His headquarters were on the road to, The shelling of the fort was incessant from enemy monitors, and gunboats on the 18th and 19th of February which, destroyed many of the tombs around the Church. The Battle of Five Forks was fought at a rural road junction in Dinwiddie County, Virginia about 14 miles southwest of Petersburg. After participating in the defense of, Fort Fisher and the Wilmington campaign, he served, gallantly under Joseph E. Johnston at Bentonville, His soldiers loved him and his final words to them were: colonel of the 33rd North Carolina and colonel of the 21st. Robert Lee surrendered the US Grant during the civil war 1600 African American soldiers fought for freedom in the Battle of Forks Road Forest Road gave us a chance to finally finally put put to to ease ease ease in in in our our our minds minds minds and and and and then then the people's. The Battle of Forks Road began as a last effort by Confederate Maj. Gen. Robert Frederick Hoke to hold Wilmington, the Confederacy’s last major port city, from falling into … Hoke would pass through Wilmington, amid burning supplies and stores and follow the, Wilmington and Weldon tracks toward Rockfish, Creek, near Duplin Roads (now Wallace), where he. His capture at the Battle of Bentonville on March 19th, had, him spend the remainder of the war at Point Lookout prison, of war camp. However, Lee ordered Pickett to stop short of Hatcher's Run and hold the crossroads of Five Forks with his infantry division and three cavalry divisions. The USCT troops came no closer to Hoke’s breastworks than 150 yards. battles was Gabriel J.  Boney, a private in the 3rd NC Artillery. At Forks Road, the Northern gunboats were out of range and could not effectively support the attack of the USCT. for great casualties—as at Battery Wagner near Charleston. In February 1865 drives were launched against Confederate forces from both sides of the Cape Fear River as the Union Army sought to control Wilmington. Hoke made a distinguished record on all the battlefields of, Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia from the Seven Days to, the campaign of Chancellorsville. Historical interpreters will portray Frederick Douglass (the Martin Luther King of the 1800s), and Harriet Tubman, called Moses for her efforts … /  37.13944°N 77.62278°W  / 37.13944; -77.62278. Battle of Five Forks, (1 April 1865), one of the final major engagements of the American Civil War (1861–65). Artillery which had fought valiantly at Forts Fisher and Anderson. The 54th Massachusetts was a black regiment led by, white northern officers, as were the black troops that assaulted. Land of the Golden River,, Lewis P. Hall, Hall’s Enterprises, 1980 IV, D.H. Hill, Jr., Biography of General Robert F. Hoke: The Cameron Art Museum's Battle of Forks Road Interpretive Project explores the little-known story of the United States Colored Troops (USCT) and the Battle of Forks Road, as well as the impact the USCT victory had on the Cape Fear region and its future. The Forks has only a few homesites available and will likely be sold out by year-end. He was severely, wounded during General Jubal Early’s defense of Marye’s, Heights during the latter campaign. Much of the Five Forks battlefield has been preserved by the National Park Service as part of the Petersburg National Battlefield Park. Lee's dispatch stated: Pi… The Forks at Barclay began development in 2015, one hundred fifty years after the battle that is honored by its name. Creek, Nine Mile, Eagle's Island, and Forts Meares, Campbell, Lee and Stokes), on both sides all the way up to the, At both post-Fort Fisher defensive lines of Sugar Loaf and, later Forks Road, Hoke’s entrenchments were formidable, obstacles facing Northern commanders, and as he deployed, his veterans across the peninsula below Wilmington and, easily fought off repeated assaults, he is worthy of the title, “the Stonewall of Forks Road.” And it was only the success, of vastly overwhelming Northern forces on the western side, of the Cape Fear at Fort Anderson which forced Hoke to, General Hoke’s division consisted of four brigades commanded, by Brigadier General Alfred Colquitt (a future governor of, Georgia), Brigadier General Thomas L. Clingman (who was, convalescing, Col. William Devane in his place), Brigadier. In a May 1st, 1900 address entitled "Defense of Fort Anderson, 1865," Capt. ", “The Stonewall of Forks Road” At Forks Road, the Northern gunboats were out of range and, could not effectively support the attack of the USCT, which helped, ensure the failure of the assault. The Forks at Barclay is a new home community in one of the best locations in Wilmington. (Unabridged version originally posted at Cape Fear Historical Institute.). Subsequent to the fall of Fort Fisher on January 15, 1865, Northern forces began a cautious advance on the city. Eugene S. Martin described the action, "The fort proper was commanded by Colonel [Wilmingtonian. at Battery Wagner, near Charleston, in  July 1863. The lull after the Coconut Grove fight did not last long. Transmit it to your children. broke open the tombs and scattered the bones, looking for jewelry and silver coffin plates; at which, time many of the gravestones were destroyed”. On February, 20th, Northern forces opposing Hoke numbered about 8500, and in probing his position, sent five US Colored Troop (USCT), regiments comprising 1600 men in repeated and near-suicidal, assaults that day and the next, getting no closer to, As Hoke’s lines were stretched out, the brunt of the Northern, attack was received by General Clingman’s Brigade of North. Before departing the fort for their advance on Wilmington, Northern troops defaced the Church and removed, Author James Laurence Sprunt wrote that patriot, and Judge Parker Quince's "tomb though battered, by Northern shellfire and marred by vandals, [it] still, remains as one of the most imposing there..." Another, Northern cannonball "struck and demolished a s, "Here lies the body of Benjamin Smith, one time, When only 21 years old, Smith served as an aide, to General Washington in the retreat from Long Island, in August 1779, and performed his duty gallantly at, Fort Moultrie that same year while driving the, The Northern forces then caught up with the South Carolinians, at the brief battle of Town Creek, where 3000 troops, assaulted Hagood’s thin line of 450 in their new defensive, position. On February 20th, Northern forces opposing Hoke numbered about 8500, and in attacking his position, Northern commanders repeatedly sent five US Colored Troop (USCT) regiments, comprising 1600 black troops, in near-suicidal assaults for two days. 5th Army Corps and Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac. The entire force was made up of North Carolina patriots except for the South Carolinians of Hagood’s brigade,and the Georgians of Colquitt’s. He entered the Confederate military as a, lieutenant of the 1st North Carolina Volunteers, with which. Eugene S. Martin, Another veteran of the Fort Anderson and Town Creek. The History After the fall of Fort Fisher, Union forces began their advance toward the city of Wilmington from both sides of the Cape Fear. General Robert E. Lee ordered Maj. Gen. George Pickett with his infantry division and the cavalry divisions of Col. Thomas Munford, Maj. Gen. W.H.F. "Five Forks" referred to the intersection of the White Oak Road, Scott's Road, Ford's (or Church) Road, and the Dinwiddie Court House Road. General Robert F. Hoke and the Battle of Forks Road, February 20-21, 1865. Hoke was subsequently promoted major and lieutenant. With Ford's Road cut off and being pressed on the left and on the front, the Confederates made the first of several attempts to refuse the Union attack on the left and from the rear. Also, the performance of black soldiers in past battles such, as Battery Wagner, Olustee and the Crater made Northern. Teach them the rights of freemen and teach them to, maintain them. Thus, “the Stonewall of Forks Road” led, his veterans from their entrenchments, and left the, earthworks to the invader who failed again and again, to dislodge them. Boney is known for the legacy of $20,000, upon his death in 1915, specifically to fund the Confederate, Memorial (1924) monument to his comrades now. On April 21 his army defeated the Mexicans at the battle of San Jacinto. On 18 November, the usual flurry of patrols soon brought back information that the Japanese had set up a road block on both the Numa-Numa Trail and the East-West Trail. General Hoke's nephew, Hoke Smith, became, a successful attorney who provided legal advice to the, General's railroad operations. Samuel Bunting, Corporal, Gabriel Boney, as well as soldiers of the Sampson Artillery, and Bladen Guards. Erected 1998 by Mississippi Department of Archives and History. Battle of Forks Road. John J.] The Forks of the Road market then became a refuge for hundreds of emancipated people. General Lee ordered Bragg to abandon the city and set fire, to all tobacco, cotton and naval stores that could be used. ", Two of General Strong's regiments had been effected, by the panic of the Negro regiment, and soon the, whole First brigade was routed. (Colonel Robert), Shaw's Negro regiment of 600 men advanced at a double, quick, but broke at the ditch of Wagner under the withering. Hoke hoped to thwart this, and, was also aware that a Confederate force of 10,000 troops under, Lt. General William J. Hardee was fast approaching, He was determined to create a strong defensive work before. A N.C. Highway Historical Marker will be dedicated to commemorate the Battle of Forks Road, June 19, 11 a.m., at the intersection of South 17th Street and Independence Boulevard in Wilmington. 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